However, the following 9 essential tips can help you design a perfect PhD thesis with an excellent discussion chapter. Our management approach for intermediate paragraphs is “divide and conquer” tactics. Accordingly, the findings of the study are determined in order of their importance, and a paragraph is constructed for each finding . Each paragraph begins with an “indisputable” introductory sentence about the topic to be discussed. This sentence basically can be the answer to the question “What have we found? ” Then a sentence associated with the subject matter to be discussed is written. Subsequently, in the light of the current literature this finding is discussed, new ideas on this subject are revealed, and the paragraph ends with a concluding remark.

how to write the discussion section of a dissertation

Supervising faculty within individual institutions may also have differing approaches and expectations. We found no general rules or expectations in the literature for writing an integrated discussion. An inquiry of select institutional guidance documents in various international jurisdictions revealed that academic institutions provide few details about this chapter.

How Long Should The Discussion Section Be In A Dissertation?

In this paragraph, main topic should be emphasized without going into much detail. Its place, and importance among other studies should be indicated. However during this procedure studies how to write the discussion section of a dissertation should be presented in a logical sequence (ie. from past to present, from a few to many cases), and aspects of the study contradictory to other studies should be underlined.

Our Early Career Researcher community tells us that the conclusion is often considered the most difficult aspect of a manuscript to write. To help, this guide provides questions to ask yourself, a basic structure to model your discussion off of and examples from published manuscripts. One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. As noted, recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections.

Iii Editing Your Thesis

This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. The sequence of this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. If appropriate, refer the reader to a figure or table to help enhance the interpretation of the data . Have a look at other theses and dissertations from your institution, especially the discussion sections.

how to write the discussion section of a dissertation

If you are working on a dissertation you may have a section referred to as the discussion to write about. The PhD dissertation should be concluded by a thorough summary and discussion of the results obtained, in which these are put into perspective and related to. We provide tips how to write effective results and discussion for dissertation or thesis, science papers, research papers guiding experts writers UK India.

Tips To Write The Discussion Section

As much as possible, the captions should stand alone in explaining the plots and tables. Many scientists read only the abstract, figures, figure captions, tables, table captions, and conclusions of a paper. Be sure that your figures, tables and captions are well labeled and well documented.

What is a discussion called?

converse, dialogue. (also dialog), discourse, exchange.

Jull et al. subsequently published a paper based on her integrated discussion. Article-based theses and dissertations are increasingly being used in nursing and the health sciences as an alternate format to the traditional five-chapter monograph. A unique chapter in the article-based thesis is the integrated discussion, which differs in breadth and depth as compared to the discussion for a traditional define argumentative writing thesis monograph or journal article. For many students and faculty, the integrated discussion is a challenging chapter to write, with minimal or no published guidance available. In this article, we offer a four-step approach with templates for planning and writing an integrated discussion. We also share several lessons learned with examples from published theses and dissertations.

Writing The Discussion

You can apply the advice in this article to the conclusion, results or discussion sections of your manuscript. Briefly reiterate the research problem or problems you are investigating and the methods you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph.

Getting this chapter right allows the student to demonstrate their mastery of the totality of their thesis work and sets the stage for the examination. The second to last step in conducting a research study is to interpret the findings in the Discussion section, draw conclusions, and make recommendations.

What Makes An Effective Discussion?

Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings presented in the results section. For example, almost every single paper written in Nigeria that I read recommends that the government should provide more teaching materials and increase the salaries of teachers. However, better instructional materials and adequate pay are rarely even distantly related to the topic of the paper! Draw conclusions and make recommendations only directly related to the purpose and results of the study. Everybody in Nigeria knows that schools need more materials and teachers need higher salaries Draw conclusions and make recommendations that are meaningful, unique, and relate to the results of the study. Any dissertation discussion section represents the key findings of the research, so the general practice is to avoid any theoretical referencing unless the results prove the existing theory.

Potential limitations include sources of potential bias, threats to internal or external validity, barriers to implementing an intervention and other issues inherent to the study design. This will reinforce the main take-away for the reader and set up the rest of the discussion. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! Note any unanswered questions how to write the discussion section of a dissertation or issues your study could not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. Engages the reader in thinking critically about issues based on an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information.

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